Just as in personal relationships, there is a need for clarity in professional associations. These are brought about by employment agreements, of which there are two types; individual and collective employment agreements. Every legally employed employee should have such an agreement before accepting a role with an employer, company, or organization.
An Individual Employment Agreement is a written contract between an employer and employee specifying the legal terms of their working relationship. Such agreements come into play when employees do not have a collective employment agreement or are not part of the relevant union represented in such an agreement.
Names: of both employer/organization and employee
Job description: a detailed description of the work an employee would be doing, the roles they would be performing, and the job title they would be holding, among others
Nature of the agreement: whether or not it is an at-will employment contract.
Duration of employment: the employment agreement should indicate whether the employment is ongoing or has a set duration after which a new deal could be renegotiated.
Working hours: the number of days employees are required to work per week and the hours they should log.
Pay and payment structure: the agreement should detail remuneration for an employee. This could be in the form of wages/salary/commission and bonuses. The remuneration system should also be agreed upon along with potential compensation for overtime.
Clauses: this also includes the type of clauses present in an employment agreement, such as a non-compete. A non-compete clause prevents employees from leaving their job for a position in another company that would put them in competition with their employer. Another popular clause-like provision is confidentiality agreements.
Benefits: such as health insurance, retirement plans, leave duration, holidays, etc.
Note that there might be other details present in an individual employment agreement.