Preschool Teacher Job Description

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What is a Preschool Teacher?

A preschool teacher is an educator who teaches children between the ages of three and five years old. They focus on creating a nurturing and stimulating environment that helps facilitate the cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development of young children. Preschool teachers typically introduce basic academic concepts and skills, implement age-appropriate activities, guide social interactions, and foster creativity and curiosity.

Preschool teachers usually work in the education industry, particularly within preschools, nursery schools, early childhood centers, or childcare centers. They may also work in public or private elementary schools that have preschool programs. Some preschool teachers may also be self-employed and run their own preschool or provide in-home childcare services.

What does Preschool Teacher do?

A preschool teacher's day-to-day activities typically revolve around creating a safe, nurturing, and educational environment for young children. Here are some of the tasks they may perform:

  1. Planning and implementing developmentally appropriate activities: This involves designing a curriculum that addresses important areas of child development, such as language and literacy, math, science, social-emotional skills, and creative expression.

  2. Creating lesson plans: Teachers develop daily or weekly plans outlining the activities, materials, and goals for each day. These plans often include stories, songs, outdoor play, arts and crafts, and group activities.

  3. Organizing classroom materials and resources: They set up the learning environment with various educational materials, toys, books, and art supplies. Teachers ensure that everything is arranged in an inviting and easily accessible manner.

  4. Guiding children's behavior: Preschool teachers establish clear rules and expectations, and help children understand and follow them appropriately. They encourage positive behavior through praise, rewards, and modeling.

  5. Assisting with daily routines: They help children with tasks like getting dressed, toileting, handwashing, and eating meals. They also encourage self-help skills, such as putting on shoes and coats.

  6. Observing and assessing children's progress: Teachers observe children's activities, interactions, and behavior to identify their strengths, needs, and areas for improvement. They use various assessment techniques, including checklists and anecdotal records.

  7. Communicating with parents or guardians: Teachers maintain ongoing communication with families to provide updates on their child's progress, share stories and observations, and discuss any concerns or issues.

  8. Collaborating with other professionals: They work closely with other educators, such as special education teachers, speech therapists, and occupational therapists, to support children with diverse needs.

  9. Attending staff meetings and professional development sessions: Teachers participate in meetings with colleagues to discuss curriculum, address concerns, and plan special events. They also engage in professional development activities to enhance their teaching skills.

  10. Creating a positive and inclusive classroom culture: Teachers foster a sense of community and encourage respectful and inclusive interactions among children. They promote cultural awareness, empathy, and celebrate diversity.

It's important to note that the specific tasks of a preschool teacher may vary based on the school's philosophy, age group of children, and regional regulations.

What skills are needed to be a Preschool Teacher?

The skills required for a Preschool Teacher include:

1. Communication Skills: Preschool teachers need strong communication skills to effectively communicate with young children, parents, and other teachers. This involves being able to communicate clearly, listen actively, and use age-appropriate language.

2. Patience: Working with young children requires a great deal of patience. Preschool teachers need to remain calm and patient, even in challenging situations, to effectively manage and support the young students.

3. Creativity: Preschool teachers often need to come up with creative and engaging activities to keep young children interested and motivated. Creativity allows them to design fun and educational lessons that encourage exploration and learning.

4. Flexibility: Preschool teachers must be flexible and adaptable to cater to the different needs and abilities of each child. They may need to adjust their teaching strategies and lesson plans to meet individual learning styles and developmental stages.

5. Organizational Skills: Being organized is crucial for a preschool teacher to effectively manage the classroom and the various activities and materials involved. This includes creating schedules, setting up learning centers, and keeping track of student progress and assessments.

6. Compassion and Empathy: Preschool teachers need to have a compassionate and empathetic approach towards young children. They should understand their emotions, provide a nurturing environment, and be supportive and understanding of each child's unique needs.

7. Adaptability: Preschool teaching requires the ability to adapt to different classroom dynamics, student behaviors, and changing circumstances. Teachers need to be flexible and adaptable to maintain a positive and productive learning environment.

8. Knowledge of Early Childhood Development: Preschool teachers should have a solid understanding of child development principles. This knowledge helps them plan and implement appropriate activities and lessons that promote physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development.

9. Classroom Management Skills: Preschool teachers need to have strong classroom management skills to ensure a safe, structured, and positive learning environment. This involves setting clear rules, managing behavior effectively, and promoting a sense of responsibility and self-discipline.

10. Collaboration and Teamwork: Preschool teachers often work collaboratively with other teachers, staff, and parents to provide the best possible learning experience for children. Being able to work in a team and collaborate with others is essential for creating a supportive and cohesive learning community.

Preschool Teacher duties and responsibilities

Top 3-7 Duties of a Preschool Teacher:

  1. Planning and implementing age-appropriate curriculum: Developing lesson plans and activities that promote cognitive, physical, and social development of preschool-aged children.

  2. Providing a safe and supportive learning environment: Ensuring the classroom is organized, clean, and free from hazards. Supervising children to maintain a safe and nurturing environment.

  3. Assessing and monitoring children's progress: Observing and evaluating children's development and providing feedback to parents and guardians. Tracking milestones and identifying any areas of concern that may require intervention.

  4. Promoting positive behavior and social skills: Teaching and reinforcing appropriate behavior, conflict resolution, and social skills. Encouraging cooperation, empathy, and respect among children.

  5. Collaborating with parents and families: Communicating regularly with parents or guardians, providing updates on their child's progress and addressing any concerns or questions. Engaging parents in their child's learning experiences and involving them in school activities.

  6. Creating and maintaining a supportive classroom community: Fostering a sense of belonging and inclusivity among children. Encouraging collaboration, friendship, and cooperation in the classroom.

  7. Continuing professional development: Staying current with best practices in early childhood education through attending workshops, conferences, and pursuing additional certifications. Continuous learning and personal growth to enhance teaching skills and knowledge.

Qualifications required to be Preschool Teacher

The specific qualifications required for a preschool teacher can vary depending on the school or organization. However, here are some common qualifications:

  1. Education: Most preschool teacher positions require at least a high school diploma or equivalent. However, many employers prefer candidates with a degree in early childhood education or a related field.

  2. Certification: Some states or countries require preschool teachers to be certified or hold a license. This may involve completing specific educational requirements, passing an exam, or completing a certain number of training hours.

  3. Experience: While not always required, previous experience working with young children, such as in a daycare or preschool setting, can be beneficial.

  4. Knowledge of child development: Preschool teachers should have a strong understanding of child development and age-appropriate learning practices.

  5. Communication skills: Excellent communication skills are crucial for effective classroom management and fostering positive relationships with children, parents, and colleagues.

  6. Patience and empathy: Working with young children requires a great deal of patience and the ability to empathize with their needs and emotions.

  7. Creativity: Preschool teachers often need to come up with engaging and creative activities that promote learning and development.

  8. Organization and multitasking: Preschool teachers must be able to handle multiple tasks at once and keep the classroom environment organized.

  9. First aid and CPR certification: Some employers may require preschool teachers to have current first aid and CPR certifications.

It's important to note that these qualifications can vary, so it's a good idea to check the specific requirements of the school or organization you are interested in working for.

Preschool Teacher Job Description Template


Job Brief

We are looking for a qualified Preschool Teacher to prepare small children for kindergarten by easing them into organized education. You will teach them important elements that they will encounter soon after they enter school life.

A preschool teacher must have a great love and patience for children. Qualifications needed to teach them effectively include knowledge of best practices and preschool educational methods as well as the ability to engage them and earn their trust and attention.

The goal is to contribute to the healthy mental and emotional development of the child so they can more easily acclimate in the next level of education.


  • Develop a careful and creative program suitable for preschool children
  • Employ a variety of educational techniques (storytelling, educational play, media etc.) to teach children
  • Observe each child to help them improve their social competencies and build self-esteem
  • Encourage children to interact with each other and resolve occasional arguments
  • Guide children to develop their artistic and practical capabilities through a carefully constructed curriculum (identify shapes, numbers or colors, do crafts etc.)
  • Organize nap and snack hours and supervise children to ensure they are safe at all times
  • Track children’s progress and report to parents
  • Communicate with parents regularly to understand the children’s background and psyche
  • Collaborate with other educators
  • Maintain a clean and tidy classroom consistent with health and safety standards


  • Proven experience as a Preschool Teacher
  • Excellent understanding of the principles of child development and preschool educational methods
  • Familiarity with safety and sanitation guidelines for classrooms
  • Excellent communication and instructional skills
  • Ability to act as mediator between children
  • Cool-tempered, friendly and reliable
  • Balance between a creative mind and a practical acumen
  • Certification in child CPR
  • BSc/BA in education or relevant field
  • Valid license to practice profession

What are some qualities of a good Preschool Teacher?

A good preschool teacher possesses a wide range of qualities that enable them to effectively engage and educate young children. Firstly, patience is crucial as young children are still developing their social and emotional skills and may require extra time and support in the learning process. They also need to be highly organized and capable of creating structured and stimulating learning environments. Flexibility is another key quality, as teaching preschoolers often requires adapting lesson plans and activities to accommodate different learning styles and individual needs. Furthermore, a good preschool teacher should have strong communication skills to effectively interact with both children and parents, building trust and fostering a positive learning environment. Creativity is essential in planning and implementing various learning experiences that engage young minds and foster their creativity and curiosity. Finally, a compassionate and nurturing nature is vital to create a safe and supportive space where children feel valued, cared for, and are eager to learn.

What are the salary expectations of Preschool Teacher?

The salary expectations for a Preschool Teacher can vary depending on factors such as location, experience, education level, and the type of school or organization they are employed by. Generally, the average salary for a Preschool Teacher in the United States is around $30,000 to $40,000 per year. However, it is important to note that this is just an average, and salaries can range from as low as $20,000 to upwards of $60,000 per year, depending on the aforementioned factors. It is recommended to research salary data specific to your location and circumstances to get a more accurate estimate.

Who does Preschool Teacher report to?

A Preschool Teacher typically reports to the Preschool Director or Principal. They work closely with fellow Preschool Teachers, classroom aides or assistants, and parents or guardians of the students. They may also collaborate with other school staff such as administrators, counselors, and special education teachers if necessary for the well-being and development of the students.

Last Updated 27 Sep, 2023

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